Shuklas : Rares of Surendra Nath Surendra Nath-Solos & Duets
Posted 24 March 2013 - 12:18 AM
Surendranath BALLB was the matinee idol of masses during 1936 to
late fiftees. He was born in 1910 at Batla village in Punjab. He wanted to become a
lawer and came to Bombay but landed in films.His friends in fact wanted
him to join films much impressed with his personality and voice. It
came out true. Mahboob Khan the famous director who was hunting for a
hero cum singer to counter Saigal in the field saw Surendra 6 ft tall very handsome with good voice and acapable singer
at a function and immediately grabbed him. Rest is history. He entered
Hindi filmdom when KL Saigal was at the peak. New theaters of Calcutta
turnedout box office hits one after the other with KL Saigal the famous
singer and Surendra was BA LLB in those days became a boon to Bombay filmdom. His first movie was
Deccan queen. With Surendra entering Bombay films, great void was
filled and soon he made a place for himself. His song Birhaki aag lagi
more man mein from Deccan Queen , a Parady of Saigals Balam aye baso mere
ma mein.. became successful followed by Tumne Mujhko prem sikhaya with
Bibbo from film Manmohan . His musicals Lal haveli, Bhartruhari,
Gramaphone singer, Garib,Jawani,Village girl, Vishwas, jagirdar , Vishkanya, Aurat, earned
him laurels.He had the patronage of great music director Anil Biswas.
He rendered songs under great music directors such as Naushad, K datta,
Ram gangulay, Khem chnad prakash and sD Burman. His duet with Noorjehan from Anmol
Ghadi was the eternal hit of all times. There has been no song greater
than this till date. Film after film followed and Surendra thrilled audience with
his songs. He was called saigal of Bombay. Yet he had his own style of
acting and singing.His haunting melodies such as Tera jahha aabad hai..Kyo yaad aarahe hai guzre hue zamane, Ab koun hai mera.. Kyo man dhoonde premnadee ka a kinaara..Ab raat gayee re beet re..Bhanwara,, madhban me mat jaa.. re, Mujh ko jeenekaa bahhana mil gaya,,Kahe akela dolat baadal mohe bhi sang le jaa, Teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai.. din raatmere deewane mein have no parallels other than saigals certain songs.
His songs from Elan ( ek barphir se aaja… aayeen me ek chadsi surat
nazar aayee ( with Ameer bai karnataki)… Tera jahan aabad hai.), Anokhi
Ada ( Jalena kyo parwana.. bade bhole bhale hai..kyo usne dil diya..
withShamshad..) can not be forgotten. He sang excellent duets with
Geetha dutt in Maya maschindra. Chupke Chupke.. and Kamal ( Kahneko
tayyar magar kaise kahe ham..) and Meri Kahani ( Bul bul ko mila phool,
Wada karke kisise na aana….. solo ..Dil tadap kar rah gaya . No one can
forget his duet with Suriah from 1857..(. Teri Nazar mein…Solo… Pehli
mulakhat…).Prem nagar ki aur chale hain with, Khursheed from Majdhar
and duets from Ali Baba ( Ham aur tum aur ye khushi with wahida bano).
His soft soothing voice is gods gift to him.
However, he had no song in musical hit film Baiju Bawara in which
he portrayed Tansen the great classical singer. It is generally
believed that Music director Naushad did not cater for a song in this
film for Surendra. Surendra stated about this in an interview over TV
that was telecast many years ago that I saw.
Surendra stated that
he never claimed himself as a classical singer and sang light musicals.
However no doubt Surendra was deeply hurt. Then slowly he no doubt
withdrew from the field. Although he sang in few more films and acted
such as in Gawaiah in which he gave best songs under Ram Ganguly. His
song Teri Yad ka deepak... was much preferred to Talats version in the
film. Then we find that Surendra concentrated on acting and acted in
many socials that was the trend in those days. The music lovers lost
the chance of hearing golden voice of Surendra. However in rare
appearance Surendra gave play back in Pati patni with Mannadey in 1964.
this was last time he held microphone.Surendra continued to act in character roles till he passed away in 1987 after acomplished life leaving his immortal songs for all of us.
The filmi music too changed. There was no poetry in songs. It was
complete cacophony with western music dominating the field. Trash was poured in
the albums as songs. The songs were high pitched with shrieks ( ex aayyayo karoo my kya ssooku..) with cock and bull
instruments making more din than useful effects. Mukesh and Talat had
their share of few good songs for some time. Gentlemen like Surendra
probably abstained from the degenerated Hindi film music.In fact the word music is apology for them. mUsic directors had to cater for degenerated public taste and Films aremere commercial and they too degenerated. Fe male singers song obscene songs for dance music and people who had lost all wisdom appreciated them. Real music disappered. Talat too
followed soon and shut his doors to Hindi cinema music. In fact Talat
refused to sing later and withdrew from the arena. The present
generation does not know who was great Surendra. It is not their fault. At
various musical forums Surendra was forgotten. They were ill informed
and ignorant too. The present and past generation from sixties only
know Rafi, Mukesh, talat, Mahendra kapoor , Manna dey etc. Saigal and
Surendra, KC dey, Pahadi sanyal, are unknown to them. It is generally
believed that big trees kill small trees and do not allow other trees
to grow. Similar things happened in Hindi filmdom. Memory of great
singers was literally killed by the never ending domination by some over rated shriek singers who turned out trash in the modern cinema as dance songs in
bulk. Quality disappeared long ago. Money making was the only aim. Even Rafi took to songs that were more or
less shouting and yelling and braying than rendering of any poetry and singing from soul that surendra did. Kishore sang all types of
songs and captured entire industry and taste of movie goers too
dwindled. There was no class. Degradation was complete. . Surendra
lives in the hearts of music lovers who care for good music, values and
POSTED BY DR K PRABHAKAR RAO
Posted 24 March 2013 - 12:20 AM
Vishwas - Sawan Ki Rut Bhaye Sajanwa
MOVIE: Vishwas 1943,
SINGERS: Parul Ghosh, Surendra Nath,
LYRICS: Pt. Indra,
MUSIC: Firoz Nizami
Picturized on Surendra and mehtab.
Video courtesy of Dr. M. L. Kapur
Dukhiyari1948-Jab Dil Na Ho Pehlu Mein To Jeene ka Mazaa Kya-Surendra-Gyan Dutt-F.M.Kaiser
Ratnavali 1945 -Yeh Mere Hai Main Inki Hoon- Naseem Akhtar & Surendra Nath
Posted 24 March 2013 - 12:23 AM
Surendra Nath Live: Kyon Yaad Aa Rahen (1982)
Surendra Nath's live performance at Mortal Men Immortal Melodies.
Surendra-Anmol Ghadi- Kyu Yaad aa rahe hai-Music-Naushad.mp3
09 - Surendra-Anmol Ghadi- Kyu Yaad aa rahe hai-Music-Naushad.mp3 (2.09MB)
Number of downloads: 14
Posted 24 March 2013 - 12:35 AM
02 - Surendra nath-Film-Vishkanya (1943)-Preet Ki Jyot jalakar-Music-Khemchand Prakash (Sursangat.com).mp3 (3.13MB)
Number of downloads: 20
Posted 24 March 2013 - 11:26 PM
Teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai
This article is written by Sadanand Kamath,
I find it interesting to compare the filmy careers of G M Durrani and Surendra Nath. Both of them were tall and handsome and amateur singers. While G M Durrani virtually ran away from his home town Peshawar for Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue a filmy career, Surendra came to Bombay after completing his education (B.A., LLB) to become a lawyer. But a chance meeting with Mehboob Khan in 1936 changed his career path and he became a singer-actor in his first film ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936). Because of his singing style, he was seen as a clone of K L Saigal. In fact, he was called ‘Bombay Saigal’ after his parody song birhaa ki aag lagi more man mein based on K L Saigal’s baalam aaye baso more man mein. G M Durrani also started his stint with the film industry around the same time (1935-36) as an actor-singer in ‘Saaed-e-Hawas’. After acting in a couple of films, he decided to concentrate on playback singing with his distinct voice which was not influenced by K L Saigal.
Both were at the the peaks of their career in the 40s. In the 50s, they differed in their approach in tackling their declining fortunes in their filmy careers. Influenced by Sufism, G M Durrani decided in 1951 to retire from the film industry and set up a grocery shop to maintain his family. He did return to the film industry after a couple of years, but it was too late for him to gain a foothold. So he continued to run his grocery shop while getting some opportunities to sing and do small roles in a few films. Surendra on the other hand saw the writing on the wall when playback singers were used for him in ‘Baiju Bawara’ (1953) by Naushad who had earlier given him songss to sing that went on to become hits, viz songs in the film ’Anmol Ghadi’ (1946). Perhaps, Naushad may have felt that Surendra’s voice did not have that much depth to match the singing style of Tansen in the film. ‘Gawaiyaa’ (1954) was his last released film as an actor-singer. Thereafter he switched over to character roles in some big banner films of producers like B R Chopra, Yash Chopra, V Shantaram. In 1960, he established his own company to produce advertising films for TVs which did very well in terms of business.
Surendra passed away on September 11, 1987 leaving behind his robust advertising company for his sons Jeet and Kailash Surendranath to run. Today, the latter son’s Kailash Pictures is one of the topmost advertising company for consumer products of multinational companies. Besides, Kailash Surendranath also produced some documentaries like ‘Mile Sur Mera Tumhara’ on national integration. G M Durrani passed away a year later on September 8, 1988 without any such legacy except his songs. What a contrasting end to their talea!
The idea of this comparison came to my mind when I was listening to ek yaad kisiki yaad rahi sung by G M Durrani and comparing with Surendra’s song ‘ teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai’ from the film GAWAIYAA(1954). Both the songs belong to the same genre but the musical compositions differ. In Durrani’s songs, dholak beats are prominent while in Surendra’s song, the tabla beats are prominent and music in the background is soft. The song under discussion is from ‘Gawaiyaa’ which was penned by S H Bihari and set to music by Ram Ganguli. The star cast included Surendra, Sulochana Chatterjee, Vijaylaxmi, Jeevan, Sapru, Sunder, Kumkum etc. This song has two more versions sung by Talat Mehmood. All the 3 versions contain one different stanza. Two songs from this film have been discussed in the blog and I quote a part of the comments made by Arunkumar Deshmukh on one of the posts of these two songs :
There is an interesting story behind this film Gawaiya.
Though this was a R.B.Production movie originally, it was bought and released by Musical Pictures Ltd., after adding 4 songs of Talat Mahmood and making some changes in the script.
This Musical Pictures was a production company floated by 2 equal partners, A.R.Kardar and Naushad.
After reading this comment, it is apparent as to why Musical Pictures decided to have version songs sung by Talat Mehmood. For the filmgoers of that time, Surendra was almost a spent force and Talat Mehmood was a reigning playback singer whose gramophone records used to sell like hot cakes those days. I have no idea as to on whom the Talat versions of this song may have been picturised in the film. I can only guess that one of the Talat versions may have been used as a background song and the other version (with coughing at the end of the song) may have been picturised on Surendra himself. Only audio versions are available.
In my younger days, I had heard only Surendra version of this song on the radio. I came to know about Tala tversions only a year back thanks to the internet. To me, each of the version songs has its own beauty. The only difference is that Surendra version has more pathos than Talat Mehmood versions. Note the pathos when Surendra sings ‘taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi, aag lagi, aag lagi’.
Posted 14 April 2013 - 06:21 PM
Meenakshi-Film-Ankh Ki Sharam 1943-Aankh meelte hee mahobatt-Music-Vasant Desai (Sursangat.com).mp3
Naseen Bano-Film-Pukar-Zindgee ka saaz bhee kya saaz hai-Music-Meer Saheb (Sursangat.com).mp3
01 - Meenakshi-Film-Ankh Ki Sharam 1943-Aankh meelte hee mahobatt-Music-Vasant Desai (Sursangat.com).mp3 (2.91MB)
Number of downloads: 6
10 - Naseen Bano-Film-Pukar-Zindgee ka saaz bhee kya saaz hai-Music-Meer Saheb (Sursangat.com).mp3 (3.05MB)
Number of downloads: 9