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Shuklas : Health & Fitness My Big, Fat Diet- Community on Diet

#1 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 15 March 2008 - 11:43 PM

My Big, Fat Diet

Supersize Me meets Northern Exposure in My Big Fat Diet when the Namgis First Nation of Alert Bay gives up sugar and junk food, returning to a traditional style of eating for a year to fight obesity and diabetes.

Alert Bay, B.C. If you visit Alert Bay off the coast of Vancouver Island, you'll find a picturesque fishing village inhabited by two cultures, the Namgis First Nation and their non-native neighbours. Here an epidemic is undermining the health and vitality of community. Like most aboriginal communities across North America, the rates of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes here are up to five times the national average.

No one's life is untouched by this problem, everyone is related to someone who is either at risk, or coping with one of these health issues. Mainstream medical professionals cite sedentary lifestyles and a diet rich in fat as the underlying reason for the growing epidemic.

Making new food choices at the local grocery store.But after two decades of service in public health and a distinguished career, Métis physician, Dr. Jay Wortman, believes that the western diet which replaced the traditional diet is the primary cause of the epidemic. "Obesity, diabetes and heart disease were unknown in these populations until very recently. No aboriginal language has a word for diabetes."

Wortman's conviction comes from personal experience. Four years ago, he discovered that he had type 2 diabetes. "My immediate instinctive response was to stop eating any food that caused my blood sugar to rise. So I eliminated carbohydrates from my diet. Within four weeks, my blood sugar and blood pressure had normalized and I began to feel much better."

Dr. Jay Wortman with one of the diet particpants.Directed by Mary Bissell, My Big Fat Diet chronicles how the Namgis First Nation goes cold turkey and gives up sugar and junk food for a year in a diet study sponsored by Health Canada and the University of British Columbia. Through the stories of six people, it documents a medical and cultural experiment that may be the first of its kind in North America.

My Big Fat Diet, like Super Size Me, looks at the problem of obesity, through the eyes of a man who straddles two cultures, Western and First Nations. It also looks at the history and present-day status of traditional food gathering, and the link between individual health and that of the immediate environment.

Cauliflower became a new 'favourite' in Alert Bay.Bare Bones Productions is a collaboration between award-winning, First Nations film-maker, Barb Cranmer of Alert Bay and Mary Bissell and Christian Bruyere of Vancouver. My Big Fat Diet was produced by Bare Bones Productions in association with CBC Newsworld.

PLEASE NOTE: The research in this study is still being evaluated. Anyone taking medication for diabetes or high blood pressure should consult their doctor before starting a low-carb diet.

Listen :

Title The Current - March 10, 2008 (Part Three)
Artist / Source CBC Radio One
Copyright © 2008
File Name

Length 27:27
Format RealAudio 8 with ATRAC3
Quality 176Kbps
Audio Channels 2
Rights Summary There are no rights or restrictions associated with this clip

#2 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 15 March 2008 - 11:46 PM

Harvard School Of Public Health


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Posted 16 March 2008 - 12:02 AM

SAD: Dealing with seasonal affective disorder

Stripping the stigma of bipolar disorder

Foods that help boost your brain

Health: Age and libido
Mature relationships: What's lust got to do with it?

#4 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 23 March 2008 - 11:34 AM

Man's Secret Fears

A lot of guys try to give the impression that they're calm and cool, that they can handle the pressure, that they think worrying is for wimps.

And the sad part is, the women in their lives sometimes buy this act, or even encourage it. Heck, if he isn't worried, they can feel calmer, too. Maybe you buy the act because the only time you see emotion in your man is when he's watching the first round of March Madness, and his bracket is about to go down in flames.

Or maybe it's because the only time you've seen him sweat was when he had to wear a suit to an August wedding. Or maybe it's because the last time you asked him, "Aren't you worried?" he responded with a dismissive, "Nah."

While men pretend that they're wired with steel cable, not nerves, they have their shakedown moments, too. Here are some of the biggest worries that can weigh on a guy's mind.

That He's Going to Lose His Hair

Yes, I know it seems surface-level to worry about such a vanity issue as baldness, but lots of guys equate follicle failure as a failure in masculinity, as well. Oh, we know it's not true - that hair loss has nothing to do with how funny, smart, or good a guy is. But knowing is a heck of a lot different than feeling. Pluck a lion's mane sometime, and see if he purrs.

That He's Going Broke

Economic shocks (like the one we're in right now) worry guys for lots of reasons: Your man probably feels like one of his largest charges in life is to be able to provide comfortably for his family. While money and job problems have their own tangible effects, they can also undermine the way he sees himself as a man. So if he's a little freaky around the checkbook, it's because his bank balance is closely tied to his emotional balance. A simple four-step plan for your savings like this one can ease his fears.

That He'll Have One Cheeseburger Too Many

Millions and millions of guys worry about their health - more, of course, as they get older. The one killer that really makes us think: the heart attack. One minute you're watching Simpson reruns; the next minute you're staring at the ceiling of an ambulance. Because we've read too many stories or known too many people who checked out earlier than they should have, the threat is always lingering - in our bodies as well as our minds.

That He'll be Called Out in Public

Some of us are thick-skinned when it comes to taking criticism from bosses, spouses, and every other kind of critic. And some of us have skin thinner than a Spring Break T-shirt. But none of us like getting called out or picked on in front of a crowd. It's not that we can't take the criticism, or can't think of a comeback, or can't accept the fact that we're imperfect. It's that public attack forces us to counter-attack or retreat - both of which have their downsides.

That His Kid Won't Make the Free Throw

Granted, a guy is going to worry a heck of a lot more about the big things when it comes to parenting - that junior wears a helmet when he rides his skateboard, that he does well in school, and that he thinks drugs are for losers.

But want to see a guy's heart pump? Put his kid on the field, court, or dance floor. He's pulling hard for his gene-carrier to do well - not because he wants to live vicariously through them (as most people assume), but because he wants to see their smiles and their fist pumps. It's because happiness is directly correlated to theirs.

That He'll Fail to Perform in the Clutch

When a man can't rise to the occasion he feels about as useful as a '63 Oldsmobile with rusted spark plugs. But before you put him up on blocks, reassure him that more than one in ten will have trouble with erectile dysfunction at some point in their lives, and the other 9 guys out of 10 have good reason to be concerned as well.


Viagra : Ten Years on the Rise – Documentary DVDRip

It’s 10 years since the arrival of sildenafil citrate – or Viagra, as it is more commonly known. The perky effects of the pill were discovered by accident, during trials for a new drug for hypertension.

. The life-changing results have brought smiles to faces of men the world over, and not just the ones earning squillions from the drug, or getting paid to spam us all with those dodgy emails. This one-off documentary offers praise to the little blue pill and explores how it has revolutionised sex and reduced the “tofu experience”.

Download Links

#5 User is offline   Darbari 

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Posted 24 March 2008 - 09:47 PM

Your Man's Infidelity Triggers

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Posted 27 March 2008 - 02:09 PM

Your Body Can Burn Fat on Its Own

Wouldn’t you just love it if your body decided to burn fat and calories on its own?

It can:
1. Exercise in short, intense bursts (interval training) for effective fat burning after exercise.
2. Increase the amount of resistance/strength/weight training you do, to build more lean muscle. Muscle is ‘metabolically active’ and burns more calories than other body tissue even when you’re not moving.
And of course, for best results:
3. Chill on the amount of food you are eating.

1. Our bodies are built to survive, so when you exercise for long periods of time (often and consistently) your body thinks it needs to hold on to fat for energy. Doing short (12-15 minute), intense exercise sessions builds strength and burns calories, but not fat, so it “feels safe” using fat stores for energy after exercise.
2. Resistance training (using extra weight) helps build lean muscle mass (and strong bones), and muscle burns more calories than fat.
3. If you are obsessing over things like fat grams and not eating a nutritious diet, your body will reserve energy (store fat) to survive.

1. Varying your exercise is the most effective and efficient way to stay lean and healthy. You must do some longer exercise to build cardiovascular endurance, burn lots of calories, and yes, even burn fat during exercise - your body will not click in to “save” mode unless you exercise for long periods of time, regularly and often.
2. You must do resistance training in order to build muscle and strong bones.
3. Nobody wants to exercise more - and we don’t want to train our bodies to need more exercise to stay fit. So exercise efficiently – two short, very intense (relative to your level of fitness) training sessions weekly, like a 15-minute fast run/walk or fast cycling sprint intervals, and two moderately long, moderately intense sessions (30-45 minutes) of strong walking, cycling, or yoga, with one long day (60-90 minutes) of a moderately paced walk/hike. That’s a great five-day/week training schedule.
4. Instead of adding more days to your workout schedule, add a weighted vest to your training. I have said this before, but this is the most efficient way that I know of to build muscle while burning calories. For more information, go to
5. Eat moderately - stop counting fat grams and calories and look at how much food is on your plate! And eat more nutritiously by eating foods that are natural and unprocessed.

Keep it real -
Debbie Rocker

Source :

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#7 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 10 April 2008 - 07:26 PM

Why Beautiful Women Marry Less Attractive Men

Jeanna Bryner

LiveScience Staff Writer

Women seeking a lifelong mate might do well to choose the guy a notch below them in the looks category. New research reveals couples in which the wife is better looking than her husband are more positive and supportive than other match-ups.


The reason, researchers suspect, is that men place great value on beauty, whereas women are more interested in having a supportive husband.

Researchers admit that looks are subjective, but studies show there are some universal standards, including large eyes, "baby face" features, symmetric faces, so-called average faces, and specific waist-hip ratios in men versus women.

Past research has shown that individuals with comparable stunning looks are attracted to each other and once they hook up they report greater relationship satisfaction. These studies, however, are mainly based on new couples, showing that absolute beauty is important in the earliest stages of couple-hood, said lead researcher James McNulty of the University of Tennessee. But the role of physical attractiveness in well-established partnerships, such as marriage, is somewhat of a mystery.

The new study, published in the February issue of the Journal of Family Psychology, reveals looks continue to matter beyond that initial attraction, though in a different way.

Supportive spouses

McNulty's team assessed 82 couples who had married within the previous six months and had been together for nearly three years prior to tying the knot. Participants were on average in their early to mid-20s.

Researchers videotaped as each spouse discussed with their partner a personal problem for 10 minutes. The tapes were analyzed for whether partners were supportive of spouses' issues, which included goals to eat healthier, to land a new job and to exercise more often.

"A negative husband would've said, 'This is your problem, you deal with it,'" McNulty said, "versus 'Hey, I'm here for you; what do you want me to do?; how can I help you?'"

A group of trained "coders" rated the facial attractiveness of each spouse on a scale from 1 to 10, with the perfect 10 representing the ultimate babe. About a third of the couples had a more attractive wife, a third a more attractive husband and the remaining partners showed matching looks.

Trophy wives

Overall, wives and husbands behaved more positively when the woman was better looking.

The finding "seems very reasonable," said Dan Ariely, a professor of behavioral economics at MIT's Program in Media Arts and Sciences and Sloan School of Management. "Men are very sensitive to women's attractiveness. Women seem to be sensitive to men's height and salary," said Ariely, who was not involved in the recent study.

In couples with more attractive husbands, both partners were less supportive of one another. McNulty suggests wives mirror, in some ways, the level of support they get from husbands.

"The husband who's less physically attractive than his wife is getting something more than maybe he can expect to get," McNulty told LiveScience. "He's getting something better than he's providing at that level. So he's going to work hard to maintain that relationship."

Men who are more attractive than their partners would theoretically have access to partners who are more attractive than their current spouses, McNulty said. The "grass could be greener" mentality could make these men less satisfied and less committed to maintain the marriage.

Physical attractiveness of husbands is not as important to women, the researchers suggest. Rather, wives are looking for supportive husbands, they say.

So it seems the mismatch in looks is actually a perfect match. "Equitable is unlikely to mean the same on every dimension," Ariely said during a telephone interview. "It just means that overall two people make sense together."


#8 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 13 April 2008 - 12:42 PM

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes can have metabolic and vascular complications. You can prevent it by following a fairly easy-to-follow regimen and lifestyle changes. Dr. VIJAY VISWANATHAN

Increase fibre intake: Eating fruits is one good way.

It is now well known that there is a pandemic of Type 2 Diabetes in the world, particularly in developing countries. This fact has several implications for the health care system in the developing countries because this condition is associated with m etabolic and vascular complications which in turn increases the mortality and health care costs and compromises the quality and life expectancy of society.

It is therefore important to aim for primary prevention of diabetes, particularly in countries where there is a high prevalence.

This manual aims to provide an overview of this subject to healthcare professionals, paramedics and other voluntary services involved in health care promotion.

The different stages in the development of diabetes mellitus are:

EGI: Early glucose intolerance

IFG: Impaired fasting glucose

IGT: Impaired glucose tolerance

Prevention Strategies:

The goal of primary prevention is to help those who are at risk of developing the disease and hence prevent or postpone the onset of disease by establishing more active lifestyles and healthier eating habits.

The focus of primary prevention can be on the following high risk categories:

Those with pre-diabetes conditions (IFG & IGT)

Those with positive family history of diabetes

Those aged above 40 years

High risk occupational groups

People with high blood pressure and cholesterol

Increased Body Mass Index (BMI; general obesity)

Increased weight circumference (central obesity)

Sedentary lifestyles

Women with a history of high blood sugar during pregnancy

Five simple tools to identify high risk category:

Age above 40 years

Positive family history of diabetes

Increased abdominal fatness: Waist circumference Male >=90cm, Female >=85cm.

Prediabetes: Impaired fasting glucose >=110mg/dl, Impaired Glucose Tolerance 140-199mg/dl.

Sedentary lifestyle

Guidelines for lifestyle modification:

Lifestyle modification involves modifying and bringing changes in all the day to day activities of life like diet, physical activity, beliefs and behaviour. All these together influence the body health status.

Physical Activity

Increase activities like walking, jogging, skipping, swimming.

Walking should be increased gradually. About one km in 20 minutes which can be increased to two km in 20 minutes over a week’s time. It would be ideal if you can walk continuously for 30 minutes everyday.

Use the stairs instead of the lift. Just 10 minutes of stair climbing is equal to 30 minutes of walking.

Use bicycle for short distances instead of a motorised vehicle.

Get involved in outdoor sports rather than indoor games.

Spend leisure time in activities like gardening or exercise.

Minimize T.V.watching.

Reduce the time spent in playing computer games or aimless Internet browsing.

Those with sedentary jobs can include at least 30-45 minutes of exercise daily.

Stress reduction

Do yoga and meditation to relieve stress.

Deep breathing exercises can also be done to reduce stress.

Regular practice of relaxation techniques like listening to therapeutic music and professional help

Dietary modification

Aim for negative energy balance (i.e.) food intake should be less than the energy expenditure.

Include vegetables and greens in the main meals.

Plenty of fruit consumption is recommended but avoid fruits in juice form.

Increase foods rich in fibre content and decrease carbohydrate contents

Moderate intake of food rich in proteins and cereals

Minimise taking food rich in fats and fried food.

Avoid sweets and milk products in all forms.

Avoid snacks in-between major meals and while watching TV.

Role of healthy and balanced diet:

A diet high in nutrients is the key to good health. In order to maintain your body weight, one should take a balanced diet.

A diet which has all the nutrients such as carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals in appropriate proportion is called balanced diet.


#9 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 13 April 2008 - 12:47 PM

Start walking now

Walking, of any kind, benefits the body with several positive spin-offs. DR. SHEELA NAMBIAR

Starting the day well: A brisk walk tones the body and mind for the stresses of the day ahead.

Walking is the best medicine.

All truly great thoughts are conceived while walking.

There are many kinds of walking. Trekking, Leisure walking, Race walking, Power walking, Hill or Fell walking, Nordic walking, Rambling etc. Suffice is to say that walking of any kind benefits the body. Besides aiding weight loss, walking has been kn own to improve the ability to think clearly, treat depression, sleep better, boost your mood, metabolism and sense of well being and offer several other positive spin-offs that can make a great case for taking it up as a life style plan.

Performed properly, the act of walking keeps the centre of gravity balanced between the two legs and stable enough to prevent falls or produce strain on the spine and joints. When one is extremely over-weight or has poor muscle strength and balance, however, the very act of walking can be an exercise of tremendous complexity. The solution is to lose weight (ironically by walking!), strengthen the muscles (particularly of the legs) and improve balance.

Very safe

Walking nevertheless is still the safest form of exercise. It is “low impact”, with one foot on the ground at all times during the progression of the walk. Running, on the other hand, is a “high impact” activity that puts a fair amount of strain on the ankles and knees (two-and-a-half times your own body weight to be precise).

When beginning an exercise programme, therefore, one is advised to start with a low impact activity until such time your muscles can withstand the assault of the body pounding on the surface while running or participating in high impact aerobics.

Walking is also easily accessible. All you need is a good pair of shoes and a walking track/ treadmill.

To stay “healthy”, a human organism is required to cover at least 10,000 steps a day. On an average, at this point in time, it has been found that we tend to take not more than 3,000-4,000 steps a day! To set goals and motivate yourself, buy a pedometer and strap it on all day till you cover 10,000 steps. You will then find that you invent ways to walk more; walk the stairs, take a short walk after your meal instead of collapsing in front of the TV, walk around while you talk on your mobile/cordless phone, or walk down the road to the grocery store.

In order to be able to achieve this, one needs to increase intensity of exercise.

How does one measure intensity of exercise? On a scale of 1-10, 1 is total inactivity (lounging in front of the TV) and 9 & 10 are “All out activity” (sprinting, speed walking uphill, high intensity aerobics). When you are breathing hard, but not to the extent that you are barely alive, you would be working at an intensity of about 70 per cent.

How do you increase intensity? During a walk it can be done in several ways — by increasing speed or incline and by moving the arms vigorously.

Walk with a heel-toe action. Posture is enormously important even while speed walking. Keep the head up, shoulders back, stomach tight; tilting the pelvis slightly forward, swing the legs from the hip joint in a double pendulum motion; don’t lock the knees, and swing the arms keeping them bent at 90 degrees, to improve speed and momentum. Do not over stride. Take shorter, faster steps instead. Push off with the back leg instead of trying to reach further with the front leg, this improves power and pace. When walking on the treadmill, try not to hold onto the side bars. Twenty per cent of your effort is lost if you hang onto the bars trying to walk faster! Initially it takes some effort to get used to walking on a moving conveyor belt. With time however, your body acclimatises and you will soon find yourself in the “flow” so to speak while enjoying a walk.

Walking on a treadmill gives one the opportunity to assess the exact number of calories burnt, increase the incline and speed to increase intensity at will, provide a safe surface to walk on without the possibility of spraining your ankle in potholes, and dodging traffic spewing noxious fumes.

Appropriate gear

Wear appropriate clothing. Tracks/tights, T-shirt, sweat shirt, jacket (rain jacket, scarf if required), appropriate shoes that provide adequate support and sports socks (not the regular nylons), and a sports bra for women. Avoid pure cottons as they tend to chaff the skin; a mix of cotton and lycra is best, this allows for expandability for freedom of movement and also absorbs sweat. All the athletic brands now stock excellent walking shoes and apparel. Invest in good quality and attractive attire for your walking enterprise, it makes it that much more appealing. Take time to choose your walking shoes. They are best bought mid afternoon/evening when feet tend to swell slightly.

Have a medical clearance if you are older than 40 years and have never exercised before, or if you have any other medical issues.

Try not to take the same route every day if you are road walking and change the program on your treadmill if that is your mode of exercise. Your body gets easily acclimatised and you need to keep challenging it ever so often.

Keep a walking journal that records distance covered, calories burnt, time taken and how you felt before and after your walk. It will be interesting to document your emotions particularly as you will soon find that your walk is your “daily fix” and you start feeling incredibly better after your exercise.

So lace up your shoes and start walking.


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Posted 21 April 2008 - 10:06 AM

The Bypass Effect: Stopping Diabetes?

Gastric bypass surgery has long been an effective weapon in the battle against obesity, but could it also force type 2 diabetes into almost instant remission? If so, why aren't more people eligible for the operation?


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Posted 25 April 2008 - 04:06 PM

History Mystery

Have a history teacher explain this----- if they can.

Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846.
John F. Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946.

Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860.
John F. Kennedy was elected President in 1960.

Both were particularly concerned with civil rights.
Both wives lost their children while living in the White House.

Both Presidents were shot on a Friday.
Both Presidents were shot in the head

Now it gets really weird.

Lincoln 's secretary was named Kennedy.
Kennedy's Secretary was named Lincoln .

Both were assassinated by Southerners.
Both were succeeded by Southerners named Johnson.

Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln , was born in 1808.
Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908.

John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated Lincoln , was born in 1839.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated Kennedy, was born in 1939.

Both assassins were known by their three names.
Both names are composed of fifteen letters.

Now hang on to your seat.

Lincoln was shot at the theater named 'Ford.'
Kennedy was shot in a car called ' Lincoln ' made by 'Ford.'

Lincoln was shot in a theater and his assassin ran and hid in a warehouse.
Kennedy was shot from a warehouse and his assassin ran and hid in a theater.

Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials.

And here's the kicker...

A week before Lincoln was shot, he was in Monroe , Maryland
A week before Kennedy was shot, he was with Marilyn Monroe.

Creepy huh? Send this to as many people as you can, cause:
Hey, this is one history lesson most people probably will not mind reading!


#12 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 01 May 2008 - 11:34 AM

Exercise: it's never too late

Regular physical activity is related to improved mental and physical well-being. Recent research indicates that:

active, physically fit individuals do not react to difficult situations with as much stress as inactive people
regular exercise programs have been found to prevent, and reduce, symptoms of disease - these include reduced risk of heart disease, low back pain, depression, and osteoporosis, to mention only a few
an active lifestyle improves sleep, mood, sexual activity, and self-esteem by increasing energy, facilitating weight loss, and providing for greater social contact
aerobic exercise improves endurance and cardiovascular health while non-aerobic activities enhance flexibility and strength
Physical activity need not be strenuous to be of benefit. Indeed, all of us have many opportunities to become more active in our daily routine. Climb the stairs instead of taking the elevator. Walk to the store instead of driving. Use a push lawn mower instead of a power lawn mower (or hiring your neighbor's child). It's never too late to become active. If you are already active, keep at it. If you are not, start!

Tips for developing an exercise program:
Get a physical
Before starting, ask your physician about any limitations on your activity.
Pick the right activities
The biggest challenge is keeping at it. Pick activities that you really enjoy. Ideally, alternate between aerobic (cardiovascular) exercise (in which your heart rate accelerates into a target range for 20 minutes or more) and anaerobic exercise (such as weight training or yoga).
Variety helps
Pick more than one activity and alternate them. Include at least one thing you can do when the weather is poor, and have ideas for both summer and winter. Experiment. If you haven't tried something before, give it a shot (but use caution to avoid beginner injuries). Remind yourself that if you don't like it you can switch to something else.
Stretch first
Learn how to do stretching exercises properly, then make sure to do them before each exercise session. This can help reduce the likelihood of exercise-related pain or injury.
Exercise with a friend
Or make new friends when you exercise. This will increase your motivation and enjoyment of your activities.
Frequency is more important than duration
Regular short periods of exercise (3 ro 4 times a week) are better than irregular long periods.
Focus on enjoyment
Some research shows that people who exercise for enjoyment and challenge seem to show stronger mood improvements than people who exercise mainly to look better. Try to put an emphasis on how you will feel rather than how you want to look.
Nothing changes overnight
Use goal setting when developing a fitness program, and be sure to pick something achievable. For example, aim to swim once for 5 minutes rather than starting off by committing yourself to 70 laps a day.

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Posted 01 May 2008 - 06:38 PM

Louise Hay: You Can Heal Your Life


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Posted 12 May 2008 - 06:59 PM

Lose weight in 60 seconds
20 weight-loss secrets to make you look like you've shed pounds in under a minute
By Bonnie Schiedel

Got a minute? Try a tip! We consulted health and fitness experts, the latest scientific studies and real-life women who are taking off pounds to find 20 quick weight-loss strategies that work. Add one to your routine today and watch the scale go down!

Change your clothes

If you exercise after dinner, put your workout gear on before you get to the gym. You're less likely to veer off to the couch, says Karen Bridson, a Toronto fitness trainer.

Start with salad

Jennie Wilson of Toronto loads up her plate with a luscious salad before she has her main course, a strategy that's helped the 29-year-old lose 40 pounds in two years. It packs a double-punch: you meet your veggie quota and take the edge off your hunger with filling fibre before diving into the higher-cal entree.

Work out with a cheerleader

A Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania study found that participants who received frequent positive feedback during exercise worked harder than those who received infrequent encouragement or none at all. Click here to find a fitness buddy in the Chatelaine Fitness & sport forum.

Sip green tea

In a study on mice, Japanese researchers found that green tea extract helps endurance during exercise. You may see a similar effect from drinking four cups(1L)of green tea daily.

Talk on the move

Use a cordless phone at home so you can walk laps and do stairs while you chat. Every step counts!

Identify the emotion

"If you find yourself craving something or wanting to overeat, ask yourself why," advises Nancy Saunders, a registered dietitian in Ormstown, Que. Take the time to figure out what's going on - chances are you'll discover a bag of cookies isn't what you really need

Go green

Arrange individual green grapes on a cookie sheet and pop them into the freezer. After they freeze, put them into a container and leave them in the freezer to munch on the next time you want a quick sweet snack. It's a favourite trick of Denise Hargrove, a registered dietitian in Kingston, Ont.

Open a can

A ton of fast and tasty recipes call for beans and legumes, which are naturally high fibre, high protein and low fat. Give Quick Lentils with Coriander and Mint a try.

Schedule in fitness

Jennie Wilson sits down and plans out her workouts week by week. "Thinking about workouts ahead of time helps me make them part of my day," she says. Tight on time this week? Work in a workout with our fast fitness exercise plan.

Do the hand jive

Control portion sizes with this no-fail guide: a serving of meat is about the size of the palm of your hand, and a fist equals about a cup(250 mL)of fruit, vegetables or grains. Your thumb is the size of about one ounce(30 g)of cheese.

Brush your teeth

A Japanese study of nearly 14,000 people learned that slim people brushed their teeth after every meal. The brushing doesn't burn calories, but it's a sign that you're a healthy person. Plus, many people don't want to eat after they've brushed so that they can preserve the clean minty taste!

#15 User is offline   Shuklas 

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Posted 27 May 2008 - 07:50 PM

Cinnamon does not control blood sugar or fat levels
By Megan Rauscher Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2008; 3:26 PM

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Cinnamon does not appear to have any impact on blood sugar or cholesterol levels in people with diabetes, Connecticut-based researchers report in the journal Diabetes Care.

"The preponderance of evidence currently available does not suggest that cinnamon has the ability to decrease a person's risk of heart disease by helping them control their diabetes or lower their cholesterol," Dr. Craig I. Coleman, of Hartford Hospital, who was the principal investigator, told Reuters Health.

Several studies have looked at the impact of cinnamon on blood sugar and lipids (fats) in patients with diabetes but had only modest sample sizes and yielded mixed results, Coleman and colleagues note in their report.

This led them to perform a large review, or "meta-analysis," of five studies in which a total of 282 type 1 or type 2 diabetic patients were randomly assigned to receive cinnamon or a placebo and were followed for up to 16 weeks.

All five studies used cinnamon cassia, "the same cinnamon most people have in their spice racks at home," Coleman noted. Doses ranged from 1 to 6 grams daily.

As mentioned, the use of cinnamon did not significantly alter hemoglobin A1C -- a marker of blood sugar control. It also had no effect on fasting blood sugar levels or lipid parameters. Analyses by subgroup and sensitivity did not appreciably alter these results.

Coleman told Reuters Health that the inspiration for conducting this specific analysis came from one of his research fellows, Dr. William Baker. "He works in a chain pharmacy as a pharmacist, now and then, and he was asked by a patient whether cinnamon was useful in treating diabetes."

"As pharmacists, we want to be able to provide patients ... with the best information about these over-the-counter treatments, which are often readily available but under researched," Coleman said. Based on the current study, "we would not recommend its use to patients," he said.

SOURCE: Diabetes Care, January 2008.


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Posted 30 May 2008 - 05:38 PM

Aphrodisiacs and their Histories
Author Unknown

When we look back into the folds of history there has always been a major emphasis put on love and the art of love. It seems that the word "love" has become the basis for the oldest science in human history. If you think about it, almost every ancient culture had a manual of love. There is the Kama Sutra, Japanese pillow books, and the ancient Chinese texts on lovemaking.
All of these deal with love, the art of lovemaking, all manner of aphrodisiacs. Aphrodisiacs play an important role in many of these texts because of the simple fact that they are the prerequisite for the act of love.

Aphrodisiac is a Greek word that, of course, stems form the word Aphrodite who was the Greek goddess of Love. The Greeks were famous for the importance that they put on all aspects of the word love. They had temples and festivals dedicated to the very act of lovemaking. They explored different levels of the word love. Plato explored and discussed, at length the many levels and kinds of love. He was the first to identify the love between friends, thus the words "Platonic love." The Greeks enjoyed the carnal pleasures very much and constantly concocted different aphrodisiacs.

One of the most loved aphrodisiac foods of the Greeks was the onion. But, the Greeks were not the only ones that believed that the onion had highly potent sexual powers. During the time of the Pharaohs in Egypt, the priests were forbidden to even touch onions as they were feared to corrupt the piety of the priesthood. In addition, there is a sixteenth century Arabic text that explains how a man consumed only onions and onion juice. As the story goes, he remained erect for 30 days.
In later years, the legends of the sexual potency of the onion still seemed to hold value. The French would feed newlyweds onion soup the morning after their wedding night to restore their libido. The following is an example of the soup that was fed to them.

Red Onion Soup

1 lb (about 4) red onions, chopped
1 Bay leaf
3 tb Unsalted butter
1 1/2 c Dry white wine or dry
1/2 ts Sugar
2 c Beef broth
1/2 ts Angostura bitters
Freshly grated Parmesan as
-an accompaniment if desired

In a kettle cook the onions with the bay leaf in the
butter over moderate heat, stirring occasionally, for
20 minutes, or until they are golden. Add the white
wine and the sugar, bring the mixture to a boil, and
boil it, stirring, for 5 minutes. Add the broth, the
bitters, and salt and pepper to taste, bring the soup
to a boil, and simmer it for 2 minutes. Discard the bay
leaf, divide the soup between 2 heated bowls, and
sprinkle it with the Parmesan. Makes about 4 cups,
serving 2. Compliments of SOAR recipe archives.

Another aphrodisiac that has stood the test of time is quince fruit. It has been said that the fruit of the quince is so tempting that it was the fruit that caused the fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. The Greeks dedicated this fruit to Aphrodite and often ate quince at weddings as a tiding of the wonderful life and fertility of the bride and the groom.

It was once said that the mere smell of a quince fruit would cause a woman to swoon into the arms of her lover.

Quince fruit is often, in modern times, served as a jelly. The recipe is time-consuming but the outcome is definitely worth it. Here is a recipe for quince jelly.

Kythoni Peltes (Quince Jelly)

1 kg Quinces
4 c Water
Granulated sugar
2 ts Lemon juice
2 Rose geranium leaves

Cooking time: 2 hours

Wash quinces well to remove the fuzz. Peel and core.
Slice quinces into preserving pan and add 2 cups
water. Leave aside and do not be concerned if quince

Place peels and cores into a pan with remaining water
and boil for 30 minutes. Strain and make liquid up to
2 cups with water. Add liquid from peels to sliced
quinces in pan. Bring to the boil and simmer gently
for 1 hour until quince flesh is very tender.

Scald a large piece of cheese cloth or doubled butter
muslin, wring out and drape over a deep bowl. Pour
quince and liquid into clean cloth and gather up ends.
Tie with string and suspend over bowl. Secure to a
fixed object so that juice can drip slowly into bowl.
Leave for 24 hours. Do not squeeze bag to hasten
dripping as this will make jelly cloudy. Measure juice
into clean preserving pan. For each cup of juice add
1 cup sugar. Stir over heat till sugar dissolves, add
lemon juice and washed geranium leaves and bring to
the boil.

Boil rapidly for 25 minutes, skimming frequently.
Test a teaspoonful on a cold saucer. Leave to cool.
Run finger across jelly in saucer - setting point is
reached when surface wrinkles. It is advisable to
remove pan from heat while jelly is being tested as
you would overcook the jelly. Remove leaves and ladle
hot jelly into hot sterilized jars. Seal when cold.
Compliment of The Internet Chef.

One of the most famous aphrodisiacs is honey. Honey was used a great deal by the ancient Egyptians in recipes such as mead. As an example of the importance of honey as an aphrodisiac, Egyptian brides and the grooms would remain hidden for one "moon" after the wedding. During this time, they would consume mead (or honey wine) to keep up their sexual stamina. Thus, the coinage of the word "honeymoon".

Other cultures relied on honey in their lovemaking as well. The Arabs and Indians would combine honey with other substances such as black pepper and rub them on the male genitalia to prolong erections.

The Greeks also used honey and considered it to be the nectar of the gods.

Many of the dessert recipes offered by modern day Greek gastronomes are honey based. Baklava, a honey glazed phyllo dough stuffed with walnuts (another aphrodisiac which will be discussed in later editions) or almonds, is a good example of this. Here are the recipes for both Mead and Baklava.


1 ga Water
4 lb Honey
6 Cloves
2 Sticks cinnamon
Juice & peel from one lemon
1 ts Activated dry yeast

In a large nonreactive pot, add the next four ingredients to the
gallon of water. Boil all together for 30 minutes, then strain into
a crock that will hold it with a little room to spare. When cooled,
add the yeast, dissolved in some of the liquid. Allow to ferment in
a cool place - 55 degrees is ideal - until it ceases bubbling and the
liquor clears, then bottle, cap tightly and store in a cool, dark
cellar. It should not be used for at least a month, and longer is

Mead unlike many other drinks, does not improve with really long
aging, so it should be consumed within a year of the time it was
made. Compliment of SOAR.

This is a wonderful recipe that I have found on a website that does double
duty as far as aphrodisiacs go. It has both honey and walnuts in it! This
recipe is very long but it very much worth it. There is an old saying that
food is not worth much unless it is prepared with care and love.

Baklava to Kill For
Recipe By : Chuck Demas' Great Aunt (rewritten by Chuck)

4 cups sugar
2 cups water
2 sticks cinnamon - sticks ~ 3 inches long
3/4 cup honey
1 tbs lemon juice
Nut mixture:
1 1/2 lbs walnuts
2 tsp cinnamon - powdered
1 lb phyllo dough - thawed
1 1/4 lb melted butter


Tall large pot for making the syrup.
Ladle (optional)
Candy thermometer.
Baking pan about the size of the phyllo sheets. I've used
stainless steel and have even used a jelly-roll pan.
2-3 inch paint brush for applying the melted butter.
Food processor for chopping the nuts with the powdered cinnamon
Electric Knife (optional) for cutting the pastry before baking.
otherwise a good, very sharp knife.


Thaw the phyllo dough inside it's plastic package, and don't open it until
you're ready to go. If you forget, and you need to speed it up, you can
thaw it in its sealed plastic package in warm water, but better to
remember (I forgot once, can you tell? :-) ).

Chop the nuts with the powdered cinnamon in a food processor. Pulse it to
get good control on the size. You want a fine chop, but not powder. This
takes about 5-10 seconds. Do it in batches if necessary. You can do this
by hand, but it's easier to find a friend with a food processor. :-) Put
the chopped nuts in a medium-large bowl.

Put the sugar, honey, water, cinnamon sticks, and lemon juice into a tall
pot. Stir well and boil until 220 degrees Fahrenheit on a candy thermometer
(soft ball). Remove from heat, skim any scum off the top and let cool.
Remove the cinnamon sticks.

Melt the butter in a saucepan while the syrup is boiling. Preheat the oven to
350 degrees Fahrenheit.

OK, time to assemble, open the phyllo and unfold it.

Brush the inside of the pan with melted butter. It really goes much faster
with a 3 inch brush for the rest. A larger brush will tear the phyllo, and
smaller ones take more time and the phyllo can dry out.

You can cover the phyllo if you want, but if you open it and spread it out
and do it straight through, I've never needed to cover it. Make sure your
butter is very liquid when you start.

Put six sheets of phyllo in the pan, brushing each sheet with melted butter
before adding the next sheet. Put about 6 sheets of phyllo dough aside for
the top layers. Actually, I just book-mark the last six sheets on the pile.

After the first six sheets, sprinkle some of the nut mixture over the
buttered sheet in the pan. I use about a handful or two, it's easier if you
have two people, one to do the nuts, and one to put the sheets down and
butter them.

Add another sheet of phyllo covering the nuts, then butter that sheet.
Repeat the process until you get to the last six sheets (See the notes).

You want to use up the nuts at the same time you run out of phyllo, not
counting the six sheets for the top layers, so try to plan it out. This is a
little touchy, but if you get it secured at the edges first, it helps, just
be delicate, but quick. :-) Don't worry about torn or broken up sheets,
just put them in and butter them down.

Now place the last six sheets on top of the rest, one at a time, brushing
each with butter after it is added. You should have a little butter left
over. I just pour it over the pastry after I cut it, but that's not
necessary, and after you've done it a couple times you can adjust the
amount of butter you use.

Cut the pastry into diamond shapes, all the way through. Use a *VERY*
sharp knife. If it's not sharp, it's a real pain/disaster cutting the pastry.

Make sure you cut all the way through the pastry.

The first two lengthwise cuts are just inside the pan edges, so that all
the diamond's are perfect, and then I make the remaining lengthwise cuts
dividing the pastry into equal strips. The diagonal cuts start at the top
of the vertical cuts. This leaves thin small strips and small triangles
at the pan edges and are a cooks/helpers treat after baking.

You can make the diamonds as large or small as you like, but I usually cut
about 6-8 horizontal diamonds across, about 1 - 1.5 inch wide diamonds,
across short length of the pan. Sprinkle the top with water.

Put the pastry into a preheated 350 degree Fahrenheit oven. Bake for 1
hour, the top should be a medium golden brown when done.

When done, remove from the over and ladle the cool syrup over the hot
pastry. Hot pastry - cool syrup, cool pastry - hot syrup. Let it sit for
about 5-15 minutes, then drain off the excess syrup by tilting the pan,
as much as as much as 45 degrees.

Let it cool to near room temperature before taking the baklava up. All told,
it takes about an hour to make and an hour to bake. Makes 60 to 90 pieces,
depending upon size. This baklava keeps well and freezes well.


The lemon keeps the syrup from crystallizing.

Don't worry about broken sheets, or stuck together sheets of phyllo, just
piece them together and butter it down. Depending on the size of the pan
you use and the size of the phyllo sheets, you probably will not fit the
pan exactly, if it hangs over the edges, just fold it back over to the
inside of the pan, and butter it down. Do this every 2-4 sheets. If the
pan is slightly too big, just lay the phyllo well into each corner or if
only one dimension is too large then alternate sides to get coverage.
Remember there are a lot of sheets and it all works out, just have no
fear. Turn the overlying edges in and butter them down.

In closing, we have just touched the surface of the many aphrodisiacs that
were used in ancient times and are used to day. There are many more wonderful
foods and scents to explore. And, being that the art of lovemaking is the
oldest science in human history, there will be plenty more in the future.

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Posted 09 June 2008 - 12:00 AM

Greying guys

From Monday's Globe and Mail

May 19, 2008 at 1:15 AM EDT

Today, Suitable's role is not to pass judgment on men who have greying or balding pates, but to consider why such widespread image issues are viewed so negatively in a professional context.

One answer is that when men don't know how to deal with their hair, they set themselves up for ridicule and reverse favouritism (discrimination sounds way too harsh).

Indeed, it would be a mighty superficial society that determines a man's career potential based on his follicular fate.

But let's admit that comb-overs, ponytails and bad dye jobs will do nothing to promote an individual's career. These are non-verbal signals that can come back to haunt an otherwise capable workhorse.

“When your hair looks dyed, people may wonder what else you're hiding,” says men's image consultant Damon Allan, whose company, Alexander Steel, works with individual and business clients in Southern Ontario.

“You want to keep the honesty in your hair.”

And this means turning an insecurity – such as premature hair loss or greying – into a personal image asset. CNN anchor Anderson Cooper's stylish silver coif is a point of distinction.

“If I can compare [that insecurity] to anything with women, it's either small breasts or the need to have a facelift or eyelift,” Toronto hairstylist Catherine Moreau says.

Although medications such as prescription Propecia (finasteride) and non-prescription Rogaine (minoxidil) are effective options, as are hairpieces (also called hair systems) and transplants, the easiest way to attack thinning hair is to go for a haircut.

Because male pattern baldness begins above the temples, the sides will always be thicker.

Ms. Moreau says that not only will a close crop look fashionable, it will conceal the imbalance and create the illusion of fullness.

Men who have very little hair remaining may think to go the Bruce Willis route, but only after consulting with a professional. “The shape of the head and face is important,” insists Ms. Moreau, who is a national educator for Paul Mitchell salons.

International hairstylist Marc Anthony, who is based in Toronto, agrees. “Shaving it all completely off doesn't always work,” he says, warning that there can sometimes be demarcations and indentations on the scalp that don't look flattering.

These days, grey hair falls into a grey area. There are those who think that a silvery mane or a little shake of salt and pepper gives the impression of wisdom and experience.

Others think it is negatively associated with aging, especially when the workplace is dominated by whippersnappers.

“Grey is good for a man as long as it doesn't become dull, ashy, mousy grey,” says Mr. Anthony, who is also a host and judge of Superstar Hair Challenge (on the Slice network). A silicone serum can give hair shine.

Salons can also offer various chemical processes. Ms. Moreau is a fan of a demi-permanent colour. “If permanent colour could be compared to opaque pantyhose … demi-permanent colour is the equivalent of sheer pantyhose,” she says. In other words, it doesn't totally cover up the hair colour and it can be done each time a client comes in for a cut.

Then there's a painting technique, which is the opposite of highlighting. Basically, darker shades are added back to the hair using a wide-tooth comb as opposed to dying the entire head.

Ms. Moreau leaves some grey at the temples and throughout the hair for the optimal realistic effect.

Mr. Anthony says: “You can take someone who is 70-per-cent grey and bring them down to 20-per-cent grey, but we do it over two or three visits over four or five months.”

Unlike highlighting, which results in notoriously noticeable roots, the growth is less pronounced, he says. “You can do it every few months, maybe a couple of times a year. It's not high-maintenance.”

Prices vary by salon, but he says men should expect to pay approximately half the cost of standard women's highlighting.

And while old habits die hard, try to resist the DIY route. “They've gone grey a bit and all of a sudden they look like they put shoe polish on their hair,” Mr. Anthony says.

Ms. Moreau cites a famous saying among stylists that has even been printed on T-shirts: “Quit your bitchin' – you did it in your kitchen.”


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Posted 10 June 2008 - 11:40 PM

Alternative medicine: Onion

Egyptians worshipped onions, believing its spherical shape and concentric rings symbolized eternal life and have medicinal effects.

Botanical: Allium cepa (LINN.)

Family: N.O. Liliaceae

Synonym: garden onion, bulb onion, and shallot


There are over 600 Allium species, distributed all over Europe, North America, Northern Africa and Asia.


There are many different varieties of onion, red, yellow, white, and green, each with their own unique flavor, from very strong to mildly sweet.

Part Used:



Onion like other Alliums are characterized by their rich content of thiosulfinates, sulfides, sulfoxides, and other odoriferous sulfur compounds.

The onion is about 85-90% water, 7-10% carbohydrate, 1-2% protein and about 33% fat. About 100 grams of onion has roughly 30 calories.

It is an excellent source of vitamin A (120 unit), B (20mg), C (5mg), potassium, magnesium, silica, calcium, several enzymes (oxidase), sulfuric compounds, glucokinine (a herbal insulin), inulin, Quescitine (flavonoid), betacytostrol, citric acid, phosphate, wax, gum, thiopropanal and saponins.

The cysteine sulfoxides are primarily responsible for the onion's flavor and produce the eye-irritating compounds that induce lacrimation. The thiosulfinates exhibit antimicrobial properties.

It should be noted that, the stronger the flavor of an onion, the higher its health-promoting properties.

Western Yellow, New York Bold, and Northern Red onions have the richest concentration of flavonoids and phenolics, and are known to be the onions with the greatest antioxidant and anti-proliferative activity.

Onions are not as potent as garlic as their sulfur content is about one-quarter the level found in garlic.

Medicinal Uses:

Due to the anti-inflammatory agents in onions they help reduce the severity of symptoms associated with conditions such as the pain and swelling of the osteo- and rheumatoid arthritis, the allergic inflammatory response of asthma, and the respiratory congestion associated with common colds.

The onions anti-inflammatory effects are not only due to their vitamin C and quercetin, but other active components called isothiocyanates have made onions a good ingredient for soups and stews during cold and flu season.

WHO recommends the use of fresh onion extracts for treating coughs, colds, asthma, bronchitis and also relieving hoarseness.

The World Health Organization also supports the use of onions for the treatment of appetite loss and preventing atherosclerosis.

Similar to garlic, the regular consumption of onion lowers blood pressure and the serum levels of cholesterol and triglyceride, while increasing HDL levels. As a result, it prevents atherosclerosis and diabetic heart disease, and reduce the risk of heart attacks or strokes.

Onions are considered as one of the small number of vegetables which reduce heart disease risk. This beneficial effect is attributed to its vitamin B6, which lowers homocysteine levels, an important risk factor for heart attacks and strokes.

Onions are natural anti-clotting agents due to their sulfur content. In ancient Greece, large quantities of onion were consumed in order to lighten the balance of blood.

The high amounts of fructo-oligosaccharide in onions stimulates the growth of healthy bacteria and suppresses the potentially harmful bacteria in the colon such as Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella, and E. coli.

Sulfides in onion extracts provide protection against tumor growth especially stomach and colon cancer.

Roasted onions are good for earaches. They have also been recommended for treating headaches, snakebites, hair loss and infertility in women.

In many parts of the world, onions are used to heal blisters and boils. Products containing onion extract (such as Mederma) are used to treat scars, they also relieve itching secondary to allergy.

In homeopathy, Allium cepa is used for rhinorrhea and hay fever.

Onions are believed to be effective in diabetes. Its Allyl propyl disulfide and chromium can decrease fasting blood glucose levels, improve glucose tolerance, and lower insulin levels.

Onions may be especially beneficial for women, who are at increased risk of osteoporosis during the menopause. Onion's gamma-L-glutamyl-trans-S-1-propenyl-L-cysteine sulfoxide (GPCS) inhibits the osteoclasts (the cells which break down bone) activity and fights osteoporosis.

Onion syrup is useful in extracting renal stones.

Onions are also a recommended treatment for edema due to their diuretic effect. They also promote the menstrual periods.


Consuming large quantities of onion can lead to stomach distress and gastrointestinal irritation that may result in nausea and diarrhea. It may also cause thirst, amnesia and condensate sputum.

Lemons can help remove onion odor.

Patricia Khashayar, MD., Press TV, Tehran


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Posted 25 June 2008 - 04:30 PM

Lack of sunshine vitamin may cloud survival odds, study suggests

Written by: Lindsey Tanner, THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Jun. 23, 2008

CHICAGO - New research linking low vitamin D levels with deaths from heart disease and other causes bolsters mounting evidence about the "sunshine" vitamin's role in good health.

Patients with the lowest blood levels of vitamin D were about two times more likely to die from any cause during the next eight years than those with the highest levels, the study found. The link with heart-related deaths was particularly strong in those with low vitamin D levels.

Experts say the results shouldn't be seen as a reason to start popping vitamin D pills or to spend hours in the sun, which is the main source for vitamin D.

For one thing, megadoses of vitamin D pills can be dangerous and skin cancer risks from too much sunshine are well-known. But also, it can't be determined from this type of study whether lack of vitamin D caused the deaths, or whether increasing vitamin D intake would make any difference.

Low vitamin D levels could reflect age, lack of physical activity and other lifestyle factors that also affect health, said American Heart Association spokeswoman Alice Lichtenstein, director of the Cardiovascular Nutrition Laboratory at Tufts University.

Still, she said the study is an important addition to an emerging area of research.

"This is something that should not be ignored," Lichtenstein said.

The study led by Austrian researchers involved 3,258 men and women in southwest Germany. Participants were aged 62 on average, most with heart disease, whose vitamin D levels were checked in weekly blood tests. During roughly eight years of followup, 737 died, including 463 from heart-related problems.

According to one of the vitamin tests they used, there were 307 deaths in patients with the lowest levels, versus 103 deaths in those with the highest levels. Counting age, physical activity and other factors, the researchers calculated that deaths from all causes were about twice as common in patients in the lowest-level group.

Results appear in Monday's Archives of Internal Medicine.

The study's lead author, Dr. Harald Dobnig of the Medical University of Graz in Austria, said the results don't prove that low levels of vitamin D are harmful "but the evidence is just becoming overwhelming at this point."

Scientists used to think that the only role of vitamin D was to prevent rickets and strengthen bones, Dobnig said.

"Now we are beginning to realize that there is much more into it," he said

Exactly how low vitamin D levels might contribute to heart problems and deaths from other illnesses is uncertain, although it is has been shown to help regulate the body's disease-fighting immune system, he said.

Earlier this month, the same journal included research led by Harvard scientists linking low vitamin D levels with heart attacks. And previous research has linked low vitamin D with high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity, which all can contribute to heart disease.

The new research "provides the strongest evidence to date for a link between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular mortality," said Dr. Edward Giovannucci of the Harvard study of 18,225 men.

Low vitamin D levels also have been linked with several kinds of cancer and some researchers believe the vitamin could even be used to help prevent malignancies.

It has been estimated that at least 50 per cent of older adults worldwide have low vitamin D levels, and the problem is also thought to affect substantial numbers of younger people. Possible reasons include decreased outdoor activities, air pollution and, as people age, a decline in the skin's ability to produce vitamin D from ultraviolet rays, the study authors said.

Some doctors believe overuse of sunscreen lotions has contributed, and say just 10 to 15 minutes daily in the sun without sunscreen is safe and enough to ensure adequate vitamin D, although there's no consensus on that.

Diet sources include fortified milk and fatty fish.

The Institute of Medicine's current vitamin D recommendations are 200 units daily for children and adults up to age 50, and 400 to 600 units for older adults. But some doctors believe these amounts are far too low and recommend taking supplements.

The American Medical Association at its annual meeting last week agreed to urge a review of the recommendations.


On the Net:


NIH: http://ods.od.nih.go...ts/vitamind.asp


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Posted 08 July 2008 - 08:43 PM

The Mighty Aphrodisiac
by Bryce Edmonds

A quick look on the Internet yields over 32 pages of aphrodisiacs ... and that's just on two web sites. That should certainly be an indication that the human fascination with sexual enhancement is not dying out. Viagra flies off the shelves, often after men go to extreme lengths (pun intended) to get it. Bob Dole does a commercial for erectile dysfunction. (It seems Hunter S. Thompson may have been correct in titling his latest book about politics Better Than Sex ... we'll have to ask Libby.) Men in Japan pay insane amounts for rhino horn and quickly the rhino becomes endangered. In fact several animals on that list are a direct result of the quest for bigger, better, more. Let's face it, most men and women would secretly feed their date and/or themselves whatever it took to ensure that the evening (or morning) ended with a bang. Why leave something that important to chance? As a reader service, Go-Go therefore brings you its list of what works and what doesn't.

As a proviso, before listing any possible concoctions, it seems only fair to quote everyone's favorite sex guru, Dr. Ruth. "Thinking about amusing little ways to brighten a sex life -- whether it's having sex somewhere other than in the bedroom, sex- farce underwear, or new positions and techniques -- develops an erotic imagination. The only potent aphrodisiac is in the imagination." So there you have it. If anyone should have a handle on what works, it's the good doctor.

Now for the rest of us. According to Dr. Andrew Weil, a leader in the Integrative Medicine field, the only drug listed in the Physician's Desk Reference as a sexual enhancer is yohimbine. Yohimbine is one of the main components of yohimbe bark from an African tree. In studies done on male rats it was reported to increase sexual arousal and performance. It is also used as a street drug because it is a stimulant and can cause psychoactive effects. Yohimbine has been associated with negative side effects such as lack of coordination, shaking, dissociative mental states, and death.

Everything else from here on out is based primarily on hearsay. Very few studies if any exist on aphrodisiacs. They are noted if they exist. Let's start with stuff you may have around the house in case it's Friday and time's a wastin' as you read this:

Long known as an aphrodisiac, there seems to be a bit of conflict as to whether they actually work. Ilene Polansky, the owner of the oyster bar "Maestro S.V.P." in Montreal, reports that Roman emperors paid for them by their weight in gold. However, according to Norman Lewis in his book Aphrodisiacs I Have Known a group of male pearl-divers on the island of Kamaran (off the Arabian coast) get most of their nourishment from oysters ... and have very low sex drives. You'll have to decide for yourself, if you can stand to eat the little suckers. Incidentally, they are said to have the best effect if eaten raw.

Onions are mentioned in Hindu, Greek, Roman, and Arab texts as a powerful aphrodisiac. The following pretty much says it all. "If your wife is old and your member is exhausted, eat onions in plenty." A recipe from The Perfumed Garden says, "Take one part of the juice pressed out of pounded onions and mix it with two parts of purified honey. Heat the mixture until the water of the onion juice has evaporated, and let the residue get cool, to be used whenever required." Warning! When used over a period of three days, this recipe is said to keep a man hard nonstop for a lengthy amount of time.

Celery and Asparagus
These are placed in the same category because it seems as if their shape may be the principle determinant in their lore. Celery seeds are also said to work well. One word of warning is that asparagus is said to work on men, but not women, and may even have the opposite effect on them.

Here are some herbs you can pick up at any local herb shop:

Muira Puama
God love the French for having an Institute of Sexology. Preliminary studies at the Institute have yielded results that are quite promising for this Brazilian shrub. It may provide better results than yohimbine without the side effects. It works on physiological as well as psychological pathways. Of course, in Brazil it has long been used in folk medicine as a powerful aphrodisiac and nerve stimulant.

Asian medicine has long used ginseng as a sexual energizer for men. The compounds of ginseng, ginsenosides, have been found to enhance overall body performance. This includes immune system functioning, metabolism, muscle tone, and of course, stamina. Be careful if you have high blood pressure or need to sleep because ginseng is a stimulant.

Ashwaganda means "smells like a horse." Sounds fun doesn't it? It is sometimes known as Indian ginseng. (That's Indian like India not Native American.) It is used in the system of Indian medicine known as ayurve-da.

This Mexican plant has a reputation as a female aphrodisiac and can be found in many "women's energy" preparations. Very little is known clinically so use it and see how it works for you.

Avena Sativa
This herb's name is Latin for "wild oats." As in "sow your." Stallions that are fed wild oats are said to, well, become more stallion-like. There are limited studies that support this in men.

Of course, alcohol and drugs are a principle weapon in the modern aphrodisiac arsenal. (I include hormones, amino acids, etc. here):

I know this comes as no surprise but it may be surprising to know that this is one of the main aphrodisiacs for women. A low level of testosterone is the culprit behind many a lazy female libido. It can also be used for men but Dr. Weil warns of the following, "A few years ago a group in England tried out a testosterone cream to be rubbed on the skin of the abdomen. But the female sex partners of men using the treatment started growing beards, ending that line of research."

Serotonin is said to chemically block normal sexual activity. This substance is a serotonin inhibitor so could therefore be expected to increase sexual desire. In studies done on rats, it did just that, except that it worked best for the homosexual test population.

An anti-depressant drug with unique characteristics. Apparently people using this drug are said to find that yawning causes orgasm. One female patient was able to self induce yawns and therefore get off. It should be noted that this side effect was noted in a very small amount of people.

This is an amino acid and I mention it here only to quote a female someone on the web as saying, "My god, that stuff! I had to stop taking it. I was doing it with every guy that came along!" Probably worth a try.

I'm just lumping them all together here because we all know that a little goes a long way. However, it's important to note that there are preliminary studies to show that a bit of alcohol actually raises testosterone in women.

Now,the bizarre:

Spanish Fly
Ah, Spanish fly. Its lore is widespread. It is actually a very large beetle, dried and then ground up. The main component is called cantharidin, which is an irritant and is highly toxic. One possible explanation for it's supposed aphrodisiac properties is that it irritates the urethra and cause priapism, or a persistent abnormal, usually painful, erection.

Snake Blood
Yes, cut open the tail of a snake and drink its blood right from the source. It's sure to give a man a full stiffy. Oh, you should know that the more poisonous the snake the better and cobras seem to be the snake of choice.

Animal Genitalia
Okay. I'm vegetarian and didn't even want to include this but I felt I had to. The theory goes along the lines of cannibal belief. You know: eat your enemy, steal their power. Same thing here. Of note is a recipe from the The Perfumed Garden that says to cook a donkey penis with onion, feed it to fowl, and then eat the fowl. Bon appetite.

I love this one. Supposedly this ancient plant was known to have produced 70 straight acts of coitus on one single occasion. If only that woman who did the Sex Olympics had known about it earlier. (You know the woman who had sex with like a thousand different guys in a row.) Unforunately, it was so popular that no one knows exactly what it was ... it is believed that it was caused to go extinct by overuse.

Kama Sutra
You may also want to get a copy of the Kama Sutra which contains several concoctions said to aid sex. There are ways to make a woman surrender, increase sexual vigor, and increase the size of the penis or contract the vagina. Most of the recipes contain items that are pretty much only available in India. Some of the recipes also contain toxic substances so you are on your own with these!

Well that's all for now. If these don't work all I can offer is a bit of advice. Turn to Siren Chat and see what you can learn. Although beware, it may be the use of these potions that gets you into trouble and causes your partner to write in.

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